Overview of Chapter Seven
Lieutenant Henry Simmons

Lieutenant Henry Simmons left his home on the east bank of the lower Hudson Valley in New York in pursuit of victory on behalf King George III of England in 1777. Instead he participated in the British forces’ loss to the Continental Army of American General Horatio Gates at the Battle of Saratoga. He eventually led his defeated men to Canada and years later founded the village of Ernestown on the north bank of the St. Lawrence, just east of Kingston in what is now southern Ontario.


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Lieutenant Henry Simmons was one of thousands of British soldiers with Loyalist families displaced by the Revolutionary War. His journal of 1777 and 1778 tells how he and his forty-five men overcame their devastating loss to the Patriots and the challenging future that awaited them.
After the Battle of Saratoga he led them on an arduous seven week trek to Canada where they had to wait seven years for their land grants. Eventually the established their new homes in Ernesttown east of Kingston along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River.